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Shopping List Sync

The module used for importing/syncing Shopping Lists into a commercetools project. It also provides utilities for generating update actions based on the comparison of a ShoppingList against a ShoppingListDraft.

Table of Contents

Usage

Prerequisites

SphereClient

Use the ClientConfigurationUtils which apply the best practices for SphereClient creation. If you have custom requirements for the sphere client creation, have a look into the Important Usage Tips.

final SphereClientConfig clientConfig = SphereClientConfig.of("project-key", "client-id", "client-secret");

final SphereClient sphereClient = ClientConfigurationUtils.createClient(clientConfig);

Required Fields

The following fields are required to be set in, otherwise, they won't be matched by sync:

Draft Required Fields Note
ShoppingListDraft key Also, the shopping lists in the target project are expected to have the key fields set.
LineItemDraft sku Also, all the line items in the target project are expected to have the sku fields set.
TextLineItemDraft name

Reference Resolution

In commercetools, a reference can be created by providing the key instead of the ID with the type ResourceIdentifier. When the reference key is provided with a ResourceIdentifier, the sync will resolve the resource with the given key and use the ID of the found resource to create or update a reference. Therefore, in order to resolve the actual ids of those references in the sync process, ResourceIdentifiers with their keys have to be supplied.

Reference Field Type
customer ResourceIdentifier to a Customer
custom.type ResourceIdentifier to a Type
lineItems.custom.type ResourceIdentifier to a Type
textLineItems.custom.type ResourceIdentifier to a Type

Note that a reference without the key field will be considered as an existing resource on the target commercetools project and the library will issue an update/create an API request without reference resolution.

Syncing from a commercetools project

When syncing from a source commercetools project, you can use toShoppingListDrafts method that transforms(resolves by querying and caching key-id pairs) and maps from a ShoppingList to ShoppingListDraft using cache in order to make them ready for reference resolution by the sync, for example:

// Build a ShoppingListQuery for fetching shopping lists from a source CTP project without any references expanded for the sync:
final ShoppingListQuery shoppingListQuery = ShoppingListReferenceResolutionUtils.buildShoppingListQuery();

// Query all shopping lists (NOTE this is just for example, please adjust your logic)
final List<ShoppingList> shoppingLists =
    CtpQueryUtils
        .queryAll(sphereClient, shoppingListQuery, Function.identity())
        .thenApply(fetchedResources -> fetchedResources
            .stream()
            .flatMap(List::stream)
            .collect(Collectors.toList()))
        .toCompletableFuture()
        .join();

In order to transform and map the ShoppingList to ShoppingListDraft, Utils method toShoppingListDrafts requires sphereClient, implementation of ReferenceIdToKeyCache and shoppingLists as parameters. For cache implementation, You can use your own cache implementation or use the class in the library - which implements the cache using caffeine library with an LRU (Least Recently Used) based cache eviction strategyCaffeineReferenceIdToKeyCacheImpl. Example as shown below:

//Implement the cache using library class.
final ReferenceIdToKeyCache referenceIdToKeyCache = new CaffeineReferenceIdToKeyCacheImpl();

//For every reference fetch its key using id, cache it and map from ShoppingList to ShoppingListDraft. With help of the cache same reference keys can be reused.
CompletableFuture<List<ShoppingListDraft>> shoppingListDrafts = ShoppingListTransformUtils.toShoppingListDrafts(client, referenceIdToKeyCache, shoppingLists);
Syncing from an external resource
  • When syncing from an external resource, ResourceIdentifiers with their keys have to be supplied as following example:
final ShoppingListDraft shoppingListDraft =
    ShoppingListDraftBuilder
        .of(LocalizedString.ofEnglish("name"))
        .key("shopping-list-key")
        .customer(ResourceIdentifier.ofKey("customer-key")) // note that customer provided with key
        .custom(CustomFieldsDraft.ofTypeKeyAndJson("type-key", emptyMap())) // note that custom type provided with key
        .lineItems(singletonList(LineItemDraftBuilder
            .ofSku("SKU-1", 1L) // note that sku field is set.
            .custom(CustomFieldsDraft.ofTypeKeyAndJson("type-key", emptyMap())) // note that custom type provided with key
            .build()))
        .textLineItems(singletonList(
            TextLineItemDraftBuilder.of(LocalizedString.ofEnglish("name"), 1L) // note that name field is set for text line item.
              .custom(CustomFieldsDraft.ofTypeKeyAndJson("type-key", emptyMap())) // note that custom type provided with key
              .build()))
        .build();

SyncOptions

After the sphereClient is set up, a ShoppingListSyncOptions should be built as follows:

// instantiating a ShoppingListSyncOptions
final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder.of(sphereClient).build();

SyncOptions is an object which provides a place for users to add certain configurations to customize the sync process. Available configurations:

errorCallback

A callback that is called whenever an error event occurs during the sync process. Each resource executes its own error-callback. When the sync process of a particular resource runs successfully, it is not triggered. It contains the following context about the error-event:

  • sync exception
  • shopping list draft from the source
  • shopping list of the target project (only provided if an existing shopping list could be found)
  • the update-actions, which failed (only provided if an existing shopping list could be found)
 final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ShoppingListSync.class);
 final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder
         .of(sphereClient)
         .errorCallback((syncException, draft, shoppingList, updateActions) -> 
            logger.error(new SyncException("My customized message"), syncException)).build();
warningCallback

A callback is called whenever a warning event occurs during the sync process. Each resource executes its own warning-callback. When the sync process of a particular resource runs successfully, it is not triggered. It contains the following context about the warning message:

  • sync exception
  • shopping list draft from the source
  • shopping list of the target project (only provided if an existing shopping list could be found)
 final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ShoppingListSync.class);
 final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder
         .of(sphereClient)
         .warningCallback((syncException, draft, shoppingList, updateActions) -> 
            logger.warn(new SyncException("My customized message"), syncException)).build();
beforeUpdateCallback

During the sync process, if a target customer and a customer draft are matched, this callback can be used to intercept the update request just before it is sent to the commercetools platform. This allows the user to modify update actions array with custom actions or discard unwanted actions. The callback provides the following information :

  • shopping list draft from the source
  • shopping list from the target project
  • update actions that were calculated after comparing both
final TriFunction<List<UpdateAction<ShoppingList>>, ShoppingListDraft, ShoppingList,
            List<UpdateAction<ShoppingList>>> beforeUpdateCallback =
                (updateActions, newShoppingList, oldShoppingList) ->  updateActions
                    .stream()
                    .filter(updateAction -> !(updateAction instanceof SetSlug))
                    .collect(Collectors.toList());

final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder
                    .of(CTP_CLIENT)
                    .beforeUpdateCallback(beforeUpdateCallback)
                    .build();
beforeCreateCallback

During the sync process, if a shopping list draft should be created, this callback can be used to intercept the create request just before it is sent to the commercetools platform. It contains the following information :

  • shopping list that should be created

Please refer to the example in the product sync document.

batchSize

A number that could be used to set the batch size with which shopping lists are fetched and processed, as shopping lists are obtained from the target project on the commercetools platform in batches for better performance. The algorithm accumulates up to batchSize resources from the input list, then fetches the corresponding shopping lists from the target project on the commercetools platform in a single request. Playing with this option can slightly improve or reduce processing speed. If it is not set, the default batch size is 50 for shopping list sync.

final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = 
         ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder.of(sphereClient).batchSize(30).build();
cacheSize

In the service classes of the commercetools-sync-java library, we have implemented an in-memory LRU cache to store a map used for the reference resolution of the library. The cache reduces the reference resolution based calls to the commercetools API as the required fields of a resource will be fetched only one time. These cached fields then might be used by another resource referencing the already resolved resource instead of fetching from commercetools API. It turns out, having the in-memory LRU cache will improve the overall performance of the sync library and commercetools API. which will improve the overall performance of the sync and commercetools API.

Playing with this option can change the memory usage of the library. If it is not set, the default cache size is 10.000 for shopping list sync.

final ShoppingListSyncOptions shoppingListSyncOptions = 
         ShoppingListSyncOptionsBuilder.of(sphereClient).cacheSize(5000).build();

Running the sync

When all prerequisites are fulfilled, follow these steps to run the sync:

// instantiating a shopping list sync
final ShoppingListSync shoppingListSync = new ShoppingListSync(shoppingListSyncOptions);

// execute the sync on your list of shopping lists
CompletionStage<ShoppingListSyncStatistics> syncStatisticsStage = shoppingListSync.sync(shoppingListDrafts);
The result of completing the syncStatisticsStage in the previous code snippet contains a ShoppingListSyncStatistics which contains all the stats of the sync process; which includes a report message, the total number of updated, created, failed, processed shopping lists, and the processing time of the last sync batch in different time units and in a human-readable format.

final ShoppingListSyncStatistics stats = syncStatisticsStage.toCompletebleFuture().join();
stats.getReportMessage();
/*"Summary: 100 shopping lists were processed in total (11 created, 87 updated, 2 failed to sync)."*/

Note The statistics object contains the processing time of the last batch only. This is due to two reasons:

  1. The sync processing time should not take into account the time between supplying batches to the sync.
  2. It is not known by the sync which batch is going to be the last one supplied.

More examples of how to use the sync

Sync from an external source.

Make sure to read the Important Usage Tips for optimal performance.

Build all update actions

A utility method provided by the library to compare a ShoppingList to a new ShoppingListDraft. The results are collected in a list of shopping list update actions.

List<UpdateAction<ShoppingList>> updateActions = ShoppingListSyncUtils.buildActions(shoppingList, shoppingListDraft, shoppingListSyncOptions);

Build particular update action(s)

The library provides utility methods to compare specific fields of a ShoppingList and a new ShoppingListDraft, and builds the update action(s) as a result. One example is the buildChangeNameUpdateAction which compare shopping list names:

Optional<UpdateAction<ShoppingList>> updateAction = ShoppingListUpdateActionUtils.buildChangeNameAction(shoppingList, shoppingListDraft);

More examples for particular update actions can be found in the test scenarios for ShoppingListUpdateActionUtils.

Caveats

In commercetools shopping lists API, there is no update action to change the addedAt field of the LineItem and TextLineItem, hereby commercetools-java-sync library will not update the addedAt value.

For the new LineItem and TextLineItem the addedAt values will be added, if the draft has the value set.